I recently realised that the QNAP TS-212 NAS (running the latest QTS 4.2.0) can be used as a print server. No need to keep another machine on to print from anywhere!

Remote printing is easy

Both UNICES, through CUPS, and Windows, through Samba, can use the printer straight-away. In the case of the Samsung SCX-3205, the driver under ArchLinux is the samsung-unified-driver (from AUR) which, fortunately, doesn’t install any useless binary beyond those needed by the PPD used by CUPS.

client$ pacman -Qs samsung
local/samsung-unified-driver 1.00.36-2

Remote scanning is harder

The problem is that this is a combo printer/scanner. Moving the printer to the NAS requires a similar solution to CUPS to scan from the network. Fortunately, SANE can do this, and there is some documentation about setting it up on a QNAP NAS. In this case, however, this did not work smoothly, so I had to fix a few things.

SANE is available through sane-backends in the Optware IPKG repository (installable from the QTS App Center). My (some-years-old) install could detect the USB device fine.

ts212$ sane-find-scanner
  # sane-find-scanner will now attempt to detect your scanner. If the
  # result is different from what you expected, first make sure your
  # scanner is powered up and properly connected to your computer.

  # No SCSI scanners found. If you expected something different, make sure that
  # you have loaded a kernel SCSI driver for your SCSI adapter.

found USB scanner (vendor=0x04e8, product=0x3441) at libusb:001:008
  # Your USB scanner was (probably) detected. It may or may not be supported by
  # SANE. Try scanimage -L and read the backend's manpage.

  # Not checking for parallel port scanners.

  # Most Scanners connected to the parallel port or other proprietary ports
  # can't be detected by this program.

  # You may want to run this program as root to find all devices. Once you
  # found the scanner devices, be sure to adjust access permissions as
  # necessary.

However, no driver seemed to be able to use it.

ts212$ scanimage -L

No scanners were identified. If you were expecting something different,
check that the scanner is plugged in, turned on and detected by the
sane-find-scanner tool (if appropriate). Please read the documentation
which came with this software (README, FAQ, manpages).

Driver configuration to recognise the USB device

Some reading identified that scanner to be usable with the xerox_mfp driver, but version 1.0.22 doesn’t have the necessary entries in /opt/etc/sane.d/xerox_mfp.conf to match the USB ID.

#Samsung SCX-3200 Series, Samsung SCX-3205W
usb 0x04e8 0x3441

However, adding them manually didn’t help.

IOCTL issues in libusb-0.1

Some quick strace(1) showed USB ioctl failures when trying to use the scanner device, specifically. This led me to suspect the libusb-0.1 package provided by Optware.

ts212$ ldd `which scanimage`
libsane.so.1 => /opt/lib/libsane.so.1 (0xb6f60000)
libpthread.so.0 => /lib/libpthread.so.0 (0xb6f39000)
libz.so.1 => /opt/lib/libz.so.1 (0xb6f1b000)
libdl.so.2 => /lib/libdl.so.2 (0xb6f10000)
libm.so.6 => /lib/libm.so.6 (0xb6e60000)
libieee1284.so.3 => /opt/lib/libieee1284.so.3 (0xb6e50000)
libtiff.so.3 => /opt/lib/libtiff.so.3 (0xb6df0000)
libjpeg.so.62 => /opt/lib/libjpeg.so.62 (0xb6dc8000)
libusb-0.1.so.4 => /opt/lib/libusb-0.1.so.4 (0xb6db9000)
libc.so.6 => /lib/libc.so.6 (0xb6c85000)
/lib/ld-linux.so.3 (0xb6f8a000)

EABI 4 vs. 5 issues

Some more digging around and playing with file(1) and ldd(1) later, I realised that, while the NAS’s system was now using the ARM EABI version 5, the Optware packages were still using version 4, which I thought might be a problem.

ts212$ file /bin/busybox 
/bin/busybox: ELF 32-bit LSB executable, ARM, EABI5 version 1 (SYSV), dynamically linked (uses shared libs), for GNU/Linux 2.6.14, stripped
ts212$ file /opt/lib/libusb-0.1.so.4.4.4
/opt/lib/libusb-0.1.so.4.4.4: ELF 32-bit LSB shared object, ARM, EABI4 version 1 (SYSV)

When I installed Optware, some years ago, IPKG was configured to use the cs05q3armel feed, which has ARM EABI4 binaries. I don’t know if this is still the case by default. However, I noticed that the cs08q1armel feed does provide ARM EABI5 binaries. So I swapped the feeds over, and reinstalled all the packages (with some ipkg list_installed and shell magic).

ts212$ grep cs.*armel /opt/etc/ipkg.conf
#src cs05q3armel http://ipkg.nslu2-linux.org/feeds/optware/cs05q3armel/cross/stable
src cs08q1armel http://ipkg.nslu2-linux.org/feeds/optware/cs08q1armel/cross/stable

Rebuilding libusb and sane-backends

But the problem kept happening… At this point, I went for the next easiest option, which was simply to rebuild (natively) libusb and sane-backends from the Optware source (rev 13128). I took the opportunity to bump sane-backends to 1.0.25, and fix a few other things, which I pushed to a separate Git repo.

ts212$ ipkg install unslung-devel
ts212$ cd optware; make cs08q1armel-target
ts212$ cd cs08q1armel; make directories toolchain libusb-ipk sane-backends-ipk
ts212$ ipkg install builds/libusb_0.1.12-2_arm.ipk
ts212$ ipkg install builds/sane-backends_1.0.25-1_arm.ipk

This still didn’t work…

System vs. Optware libusb

Some hopeless poking around later, I realised that some recent versions of QTS starting shipping libusb-1.0 and libusb-0.1 natively.

ts212$ file /usr/lib/libusb-0.1.so.4.4.4
/usr/lib/libusb-0.1.so.4.4.4: ELF 32-bit LSB shared object, ARM, EABI5 version 1 (SYSV), dynamically linked, stripped

So I simply move the Optware library out of the way

ts212# mv /opt/lib/libusb-0.1.so.4{,no}

scanimage therefore used the next best thing, the system libusb-0.1 and -1.0.

ts212$ ldd `which scanimage` | grep usb
libusb-0.1.so.4 => /usr/lib/libusb-0.1.so.4 (0xb6d6c000)
libusb-1.0.so.0 => /usr/lib/libusb-1.0.so.0 (0xb6c24000)

This was sufficient to finally detect the scanner.

ts212$ scanimage -L
device `xerox_mfp:libusb:001:008' is a Samsung Samsung SCX-3200 Series multi-function peripheral

Sharing the scanner

Now that local scanning works, we can go back to making the device available over the network, through SANE and Xinetd, as per the original post.

saned and xinetd must first be configured to allow connections from the local network.

ts212$ tail -n 2 /opt/etc/sane.d/saned.conf
ts212$ grep only_from /opt/etc/xinetd.conf 
 only_from = localhost 2001:db8::/64

The saned-backends package installed a xinetd configuration file, which may or may not (try and let me know!) be adjusted as follows.

ts212# cat /opt/etc/xinetd.d/saned
service saned
  port = 6566
  socket_type = stream
  server = /opt/sbin/saned
  protocol = tcp
  user = admin
  group = administrators
  wait = no
  disable = no

xinetd also needs the sane service/port to be registered in /etc/services.

ts212# tail -n 1 /etc/services
saned 6566/tcp # SANE network scanner daemon

Modifying this file directly does not, however, survive reboots. Instead, an autorun.sh script can be modified or created in the flash configuration partition. At the same time, a command can be added so xinetd is started at boot.

ts212# mount /dev/mtdblock5 /tmp/config/
ts212# cat >> /tmp/config/autorun.sh < EOF
echo "saned 6566/tcp # SANE network scanner daemon" >> /etc/services
/sbin/daemon_mgr xinetd start "/opt/sbin/xinetd"

Client configuration for remote scanning

SANE for Unix

For the sane client library, the IP address of the scanning server has to be added in the /etc/sane.d/net.conf configuration file. This is all that is needed on the client to successfully scan a document.

client$ tail -n 1 /etc/sane.d/net.conf
client$ scanimage > a
client$ file a
a: Netpbm image data, size = 1280 x 1734, rawbits, pixmap

SaneTwain for Windows

While Windows doesn’t have direct support for scanning from a remote SANE server, the nifty SaneTwain TWAIN driver provides just what’s needed to do so.


Despite going through the trouble of switching IPKG feed and rebuilding some packages, it seems the root cause of the problem was some incompatibilities between the system’s and Optware’s libusb, perhaps in addition to ABI issues. However, a quick test with sane-backends-1.0.22, which still didn’t work after everything was fixed, so perhaps sane-backends-1.0.25 is indeed needed.

One thought on “Remote scanning on a QNAP TS-212 with a Samsung SCX-3200 with SANE

  1. Thx a lot.
    I’m going to do the experiment later that year with a) native qnap and b) nextcloud and come back afterwards.


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